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    Categories: ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT

What Web Hosting, For What Need And At What Cost?

The more years go by, the lower the costs and the wider the range. This fundamental rule of technological evolution works as well for washing machines, cars, microwaves as for web hosting. The problem is that with the reduction of production and operating costs, coupled with the increasing demand for needs and ever-increasing functionality, the basic person is completely lost. Today, the range in Reseller Hosting is massive and highly competitive. The common man ends up kicking in touch. By default, it focuses on what is cheaper, even though it is not necessarily what he needs.

Index:

What is web hosting?

Free hosts

Paying hosts

The different types of web hosting

Shared hosting

Cloud hosting

The virtual private server

The personal dedicated server

The dedicated server

Conclusion

What is web hosting?

A web hosting is a storage space that is not necessarily dedicated to the setting up of a website. You can add content of any kind according to the space you have been allocated (texts, images, music, videos, various documents). This space is directly managed by a web host whose purpose is, among other things, to partition or rent its servers to the largest number of customers and maintain the tool 24 hours a day. To do this, you pay not only the cost of using disk space, but also a whole system of maintenance and services (backups, remote access, data rates, bandwidth, etc.).

Free hosts

Let’s start by defining what is called “free”. Free means that you will not pay anything directly for this service, however, these hosts do not live love and fresh water. So where is the trick? In the case of Free for example, the hosting costs have become so ridiculous that they are reflected in the price of your monthly subscription (Internet, telephone, television). As for the others – not all, fortunately, they deploy a system of advertisements, when it is not a massive collection of data for accounts receivable, that you can not control or prevent.

 

However, for those who do not need professional services or a large storage space, these free hosts respond to a modest but real demand. To host documents of little value, to exchange information, texts or a small, unpretentious website, they can be a temporary solution.

List (not exhaustive) of free hosts

Paying hosts

From the outset, it is important to distinguish between two types of paid hosting providers:

Important mention: paying does not necessarily mean professional.

The “direct” hosts: they have their own infrastructure (or data center to data center ) and therefore have control over the servers. They can dispatch their staff and manage problems in record time. They have access, from the beginning to the end, to the procedures and protocols and are able to meet all the requirements and imponderables.

“Reseller” hosts: they sublet to their customers. For this, they rent directly servers to direct hosts. If they own theirs, they rent out locations in data centers to exploit their capabilities. They do not necessarily have access to the infrastructure, nor to the entirety of the procedures. As for their staff, they are often confined to system administration .

Said like that, one might think that the dealer is a leech that has no place to be. Indeed, why add a link in a chain that already seems quite complex like that? Yes but no. To schematize, see the direct host as the main offices of a bank in Paris and indirect hosts such as city agencies. It is obvious that with a small wallet, you will not have a sufficient impact so that your voice can weigh at the mother house. Even if that does not prevent them from proposing you offers, which will be less personalized being understood that they aim at a broad and disparate audience.

On the other hand, if your need, even if modest, is entrusted to resellers, they will be better able to personalize their services for you. In addition, through their customer portfolio, they may have prices or offers that you would not have access to all alone cheap dedicated server  Note that choosing a direct webhost or a reseller is only important if you know exactly what you need. It is therefore advisable, having laid the foundations, to enter now into the heart of the matter, namely: what, at what price and for what?

The different types of web hosting

The accommodations below are ordered according to two criteria.

By the difficulty of implementation: from the simplest (top) to the most complex (bottom)

By the cost of deployment, operation or production: from the cheapest (top) to the most expensive (bottom)

Shared hosting

Shared hosting is the ba-ba. Very inexpensive, it is ample enough to get started. In general, it is by this type of offer that we start to put a foot in the creation of websites. Even in the use of a storage space without much pretension. The pooled is for a novice clientele, it is very simple to use: you rent a site, affiliated or not with a domain name. Equipped with File Transfer Protocol ( FTP) software , you transfer your files to the target server and the data sent appears directly online.

 

This type of offer is accompanied by a range of rather general services. Depending on the provider, you will have more or less storage space, backups, limited or unlimited bandwidth, a number of variable e-mail boxes and installation services modules (forum, blog, etc.). In short, everything you need to get started peacefully in the web without having to put your hands in grease.

Attention: be attentive to what offers each offer. Do not get stuck on the cheapest, some have more disk space, power, bandwidth, different speeds, or even include a domain name or backup services and availability obligations in case of failure. This list and the following ones are proposed to you as an indication. They do not show all providers, the prices do not presage quality or functionality and they are subject to change.

  • OVH (France) from 2.99 € excl tax / month
  • net (France) from 1.99 € HT / month
  • 1 & 1 (France) from 2.99 € excl tax / month
  • Nuxit (France) from 2.99 € excl. Tax / month
  • Infomaniak (Switzerland) from 5.75 € ATI / month

Cloud hosting

The cloud hosting (diminutive cloud computing to cloud computing ) on a simple principle: provide only what you need. No more fixed storage spaces, your data is shared on several servers in France or around the world. The benefits are many: First, the risk of losing your data is low. Then, the space is infinite: if tomorrow, you want to change offer and increase or, conversely, lower your capacity, no problem! Same thing for power. In two phases, it’s operational. Last but not least, the cloud is by definition virtualized , you can choose your configuration (operating system, application types, etc.).

Otherwise similar in all respects to shared hosting, cloud hosting differs however on some key elements. First, this type of hosting can put off people who like to know where their data is and where they are going. With the cloud, you agree to give them to others and they will travel, without you knowing it, around the globe. This poses a problem of confidentiality. Then, although for similar services the cloud is more expensive than the shared, it can consume at the right. The cloud is the ideal solution for those whose needs change periodically. This flexibility, which is inherent to supply, has a cost that is far from being neutral.

  • OVH (France) from 7.99 € excl tax / month
  • net (France) from 2.99 € HT / month
  • 1 & 1 (France) from 9.99 € HT / month
  • Infomaniak (Switzerland) from 29 € TTC / month
  • The virtual private server

With the Virtual Private Server (or VPS for Virtual Private Server ), you enter a world more complex but the greatest opportunities. VPS is a partitioned server where each allocated space acts independently because it is virtualized. In other words, it’s as if you have a server, with the same advantages and constraints, without having to pay the full price. Each client can install the operating system of their choice, add modules, hack e-mail configurations, Apache, PHP, etc.

For people who use advanced features, or who have greater storage, load or even bandwidth needs, the VPS is an excellent solution before making the leap to full independence. On the other hand, you will need to learn the basics of system administration. At this point, GUI use is still possible but not recommended. And this, for two reasons: the first is that it’s time to learn! If you have come to the point of needing a VPS, then the dedicated server is the next step. It’s time to start Putty(for Windows) and more globally at the command line. Then, because the graphic administrations do not exist for all the applications and do not make it possible to do everything.

  • OVH (France) from 2.99 € excl tax / month
  • net (France) from 2.99 € HT / month
  • 1 & 1 (France) from 4.99 € excl. Tax / month
  • Nuxit (France) from 14.90 € excl. Tax / month
  • Infomaniak (Switzerland) from 29 € TTC / month

The personal dedicated server

With the deployment of optical fiber, it becomes less and less absurd to use your computer or home server to self-host. In addition to the price of the equipment (which can be close to zero if you use equipment found on the right and left), you will need a lot of elbow grease and a lot of knowledge in various areas of system administration. This can be a good way to get your hands on, but it’s not within everyone’s reach! Then, the cost of operating such a facility is not neutral, it will require to add backup systems (which should not be at your home, because if it catches fire, how will you do?) . You will also have to encrypt the electrical price of this device connected permanently, not to mention the noise, ventilation, etc.

The dedicated personal server is very useful for a personal and unprofessional use. Again, with the democratization of fiber, the problem is no longer related to the flow. But the constraints are still too numerous for a sustainable operation, to understand continuously 24/7. What’s more if your site generates a lot of traffic. For a small storage space, it’s a perfectly viable solution. For professional use, do not even think about it.

For more reading on the subject:

Set up your very own Web server!

Set up your own hosting server (under Linux)

The dedicated server

That’s it, you want to swim in the big pool? The dedicated server reaches you, promises you mountains and wonders? That’s the case to say. You will have total freedom. The freedom to do what you want, when you want, within the limits of its capabilities and architecture. This is the last step, there is no range above the dedicated server, except to have several and create a cluster of servers (or cluster). The possibilities again depending on the subscribed offer, superlatives are not obsolete: a very large load capacity, huge bandwidth, huge storage space (ranging from several hundred GB to several tens of TB of data ). Redundant backup systems and distribution of data (or RAID for Redundant Array of Independent Disks ) for safety, performance and fault tolerance.

If, nowadays, the management of a dedicated server is becoming easier thanks to the documentation available on the web, it will nevertheless be necessary to be patient. The learning is long and fraught, but it is very rewarding. For those who do not have the time or the desire to do it, nothing prevents you from entrusting the system administration to an external provider, for example the “reseller” hosts. Indeed, it is rare that direct hosting accept this kind of task, preferring to rise to the management of more comprehensive systems such as load balancing (or load balancing ) and rates on all clusters, the monitoring network (or monitoring), data transit, power supply, etc.

  • Kimsufi (France) from € 4.99 / month
  • net (France) from 8.99 € HT / month
  • OVH (France) from 59.99 € excl tax / month
  • 1 & 1 (France) from 59.99 € excl. Tax / month
  • Nuxit (France) from 59.90 € HT / month
  • Infomaniak (Switzerland) from 29 € TTC / month
  • For more reading on the subject:
  • Configuring a dedicated server from A to Z
  • Install and configure your first web server
  • Installing and configuring a dedicated server

Conclusion

As we have just seen, accommodation is a rather large area. From shared to dedicated server, there is a world that many may never cross. A world first in terms of cost. Performance then. Finally, knowledge. Added to this are providers like Dropbox and Google Drive, which are excellent solutions for storing and sharing a few sparse files. This article does not mention it, because in their very foundation, they are not strictly speaking hosts.

Finally, I hope I have answered your questions on the subject. I also hope that this article will have allowed you to find yourself in this jungle of ranges, prices and competitors. One last piece of advice: there is no point in running; we must start at the right time. Take your time, analyze the situation and plan. Changing infrastructure is a cumbersome, complex and expensive process that is best avoided. Feel free to take a hosting solution slightly above your current needs. To administer is to foresee!

Shaks Rodman :